Adjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They generally come before the noun or pronoun they modify, but there are exceptions to that rule. How and why they are different will be explained in later lessons. They still tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many.

There are seven (7) words in the English language that are always adjectives. They are the articles a, an, and the and the possessives my, our, your, and their. (The possessives are from the possessive pronoun list but are always used with nouns as adjectives.) Being only seven in number, one should memorize them so they are immediately recognized as adjectives.

Examples: The neighbor girl likes chocolate ice cream. Mr. Johanson is tall, dark and handsome.

Pick out the adjectives in the following sentences.

1. The heavy red dress of Queen Elizabeth weighed over fifty pounds.

2. My sister chose two shirts for my graduation present.

3. That small Mexican restaurant in the next block serves fresh meals.

4. The little black dog barked at the well-dressed stranger.

5. An old wood fence had caught several discarded candy wrappers.

 

Lesson 2Adjectives

Other pronouns can also be used as adjectives, but they are not always adjectives as the seven mentioned in lesson 1. Demonstrative pronouns, this, that, these, those; interrogative pronouns, whose, which, what; and indefinite pronouns, another, any, both, each, either, many, neither, one, other, some; when used with a noun become adjectives. Numbers can be adjectives. Examples: ten students (cardinal), the tenth student (ordinal). Pronouns used as adjectives are called pronominal adjectives.

List the adjectives in these sentences.

1, Whose car is that red one in the driveway?

2. Those drapes go well with this brown carpet.

3. The two men were wondering what signal had brought many people to their rescue.

4. The third person entering the city park won another prize.

5. That tie is a good one for this suit.

 

Lesson 3Adjectives

Proper nouns, possessives and modifiers made from them, and common nouns can be adjectives. Examples: July storms, winter weather, Jim's boat, boy's bed.

Some authorities call nouns used to described another noun noun adjuncts. They tell us whose or what kind.

Find the adjectives in these sentences..

1. Dan's new hat blew down the man's stairway.

2. Stormy spring weather can cause many flash floods.

3. Pam's new suitcase was ready for the Canadian trip.

4. December winds can make a dangerous Christmas trip.

5. The student's hope was the teacher's happiness.

 

Lesson 4Adjectives

Verb forms can also be used as adjectives. They are called participial adjectives.

Examples: the lost mine, the howling wolf.

Pick out the adjectives in these sentences.

1. The soaking rain caused much damage.

2. The broken dish cut the crying girl.

3. A great work was done by the person with a giving spirit.

4. The laughing hyena was sleeping in its cage.

5. The eager student found the torn book.

 

Lesson 5Adjectives

Adjectives are not limited in how many can be used with a noun to modify it as in the big black frightening curly bear. These adjectives follow an order pattern when two or more are used together. There is no written rule but just common usage.

Examples: the second three days, both his friends. You would not say three second the days or his both friends.

Because many words can be both pronouns and adjectives depending on how they are used in a sentence, decide if the italicized words are pronouns or adjectives in the following sentences. Remember that pronouns stand alone, but adjectives are used to modify nouns.

1. Does either of you have any of this material. Any amount would help.

2. Each girl did her chores, and their mother gave each a hug.

3. This is our answer, and no one disagrees.

4. Both have many chances to play, but neither one is better.

5. What is your name because neither of us knows it?

 

Lesson 6Adjectives

Adjectives can be used in comparisons which means we change the form of the adjective when speaking of one, two, or more than two. They change either by adding er or est to the adjective or by using the words more or most before the adjective. Some are irregular in their form and must be memorized or looked up in the dictionary. The dictionary gives the forms for most words using er or est to form comparisons. The three degrees of comparison are called (1) positive which states a quality of one thing or person, (2) comparative which compares two things or persons, and (3) superlative which compares more than two things or persons. Examples: positive - new, careless, good; comparative - newer, more careless, better; superlative - newest, most careless, best

Write the comparative and superlative forms of the following adjectives.

1. jolly

2. honest

3. dim

4. friendly

5. little

 

Lesson 7Adjectives

In comparison of adjectives, one-syllable adjectives and some two-syllable adjectives (especially those ending in y or le) form the comparative with er and the superlative with est. Examples: new, newer, newest; jolly, jollier, jolliest.

Write the correct comparative and superlative forms for the following adjectives.

1. glad

2. prompt

3. small

4 noble

5. funny

 

Lesson 8Adjectives

Many two-syllable adjectives and almost all adjectives with three or more syllables use more or most to form the comparative and superlative forms. Examples: honest, more honest, most honest; careful, more careful, most careful.

Write the comparative and superlative forms for these words.

1. interesting

2. critical

3. splendid

4. delicious

5. outstanding

 

Lesson 9Adjectives

There are a few adjectives that are irregular in their comparisons. Examples: good, better, best.

Give the comparative and superlative forms of the following words.

1. many

2. ill

3. much

4. perfect

5. bad

Lesson 10 Adjectives

Never use double comparisons. If you use er or est, then don't use more or most. Correct: He is busier than I. Incorrect: He is more busier than I.

Chose the correct form in the following sentences.

1. Yesterday we played our (worse, worst) concert.

2. I am (more hungrier, hungrier) now.

3. Who is the (shorter, more shorter, most short, shortest) of the four sisters?

4. Is this the (best, better, more better, most best ) value that you have?

5. John is the (most happiest, happiest) kid I know.